Pipits & Wagtails (Motacillidae)
Members of this family are small, slimline, mostly ground-dwelling birds with long tails which are frequently wagged. Pipits are predominately brown and buff with variable amounts of streaking, and closely resemble the more robust larks. Wagtails are mostly larger, with longer tails and bolder marks. All species have long legs and are good walkers. Being largely insectivorous most species are, to a greater or lesser extent, migratory.
There are 54 species worldwide, mostly in the Old World. Eight species breed in Europe and several others are irregular migrants or vagrants.
Species seen but not photographed:
  • Tawny Pipit: Portugal (April 2005)
  • Tree Pipit: Wales (May 2014)
  • Water Pipit: Farmoor, Oxon (January 2008)